The park of Sant'Antioco is particularly suited in the most warm summer months to breathe fresh air and making pic-nics among the uncontaminated nature and the many sources of fresh water present all along the whole park.
The territory of Scano Montiferro is particularly rich of sources and water courses that confer it a characteristic mark .
Among the most important there are those of Sant'Antioco that supplies drinkable water not only to the same country but also numerous neighboring countries. With a range of 150 liters per second are considered the most plentiful sources of the Montiferru .
Among the basaltic rocks gush out around five springs that constitute a brook which crossing the homonym place goes to feed the Rio Mannu.
The CHURCH OF SAINT'ANTIOCO
The rural church of Sant'Antioco was probably built in 1636.The building it has a rectangular plant, an unique aisle, with on the back side the sacristy and placed side by side "sos pendentes", small environments whose function was that to entertain pilgrims and devotees that desired to stay in the place during the period of the novena and the party of the Saint.
The façade of the church
The hut, has the central part, in which it opens the portal, in square stones left at sight, and a frame crowning whose extremity are inserted two acròteris with pyramidal form. To the center it is concluded from a bell tower. Above the portal it opens a great rectangular window, only source of light for the church.
The building has wood coverage in two slopings on arcs, in stone at sight. The floor is in plates of trachite. Despite being a rural church, in comparison to the others present in the territory of Scano, it has more elaborate structure, perhaps because the devotion to the Saint in it venerate, that attracted also great crowd from the countries of the district, had produced the need to magnify the church with the inserction of "sos pennentes". Yet today hundreds of believers coming from Scano and from the whole district, devotedly begging Sant'Antioco they ask his grace to get the recovery and the comfort in the suffering. In the quadrangular presbytery it is situated the wooden altar purchased in 1848 from the church of Bosa of Saint Cross for the price of 15 liras.
Recently restored (1999), it is turned to lodge the statue of the Saint that is brought twice a year in procession by the near country of Scano in the rural place (for the parties that take place on the second Monday later Easter and the Monday that follows the last Sunday of August). In absence of the statue the altar lodges a painted oil table with the figure of the saint, work of the Swiss painter Emilio Scherer that sojourned in Bosa toward the end of the XIX century.
The cult of Sant'Antioco is very ancient and had an enormous impulse after the recovery of the relics happened in the homonym island of Sant'Antioco (Southwest of Sardinia) in March 18th 1615 by the arcibishop of Cagliari, monsignor Francesco d'Esquhrel.
The Saint, native of the Mauretania (region in the northern Africa), was get to exile from the emperor Adriano in the island of Sulki (today's Sant'Antioco of Sulcis) because it professed the Christian faith and refused to adore the pagan gods. Here he practiced his activity of physician operating at the same time a lot of conversions. The tradition wants Antioco to die on November 13th of the year W. Thanks to the Jesuit of Scano M. father Salvatore Pala, teacher of mathematics and theology in the University of Cagliari, Scano had the fortune to have in the same year of the recovery of the relics a vertebra of the saint, and it was really this circumstance to give the idea of the construction of a church in his honor in a territory rich in waters, luxuriant vegetation and that besides have the advantage to be very near to the country.
THE FESTIVALS (from the book of Nanni Delogu, Sant'Antiogu de Iscanu - Clipboard of history and tradition, Typography Fonsarda, Cagliari, 1999)
From 1636 in honor of the sulcitan Saint are celebrated three parties the year, in April, in August and in November.
The most ancient party, is celebrated in all the churches the 13 of November anniversary of the death of the Saint happened the year 127 under the emperor Adriano. The most important, nevertheless, it is the recurrence in spring that takes place on the following Monday to the second Sunday of Easter. The other solemnity is celebrated on the last Monday of August.
Toward the end of last century, when with the confiscation of the ecclesiastical good the Parish could not assure the financial support to the church of Sant'Antioco anymore, some families made up for the expenses of the party leaving then the charge to their heirs that still contribute with the title of Obreris or more nicely are also called "relatives of Saint Antioco."
Around the thirties the vicar Nonnu Mannu founded the figures of the "Prioresse", two women that for promise they have the task to take care of cleaning and ornament of the rural church and the parish chapel for one year.
Since the origins on the occasion of the party of April and that of August, the statue of the Saint was transferred by the brotherhoods accompanied by the believers from the parish church, where the whole year was guarded, to the rural church. The procession run along the path of the ancient street that from Scano brought to Macomer.
When was inaugurated the road that conducts to the Sources and the Sanctuary, the vicar Nonnu Mannu proposed to effect the transport of the simulacrum through the new road. This way the 6 May of 1957 the statue was situated on a truck (see to the left original photo) that it departed in direction of the country church followed by a long procession of cars. The procession continues for this street for about 39 years until in the summer 1996, a group of young people expressed the wish to transport again the Saint on the shoulders along the ancient path of country as happened traditionally. Encouraged by the mole priest Mr. Franco Oggianu and from the saveriano Father Giovanni Pes, on August 28, after 39 years, the ancient custom was repeated with great share of the believers.
For such procession must walk for more than half an hour with the heavy simulacrum on the shoulders, therefore sometimes is necessary to effect some breaks so that the brothers can give exchange each others in the transport.
The statue in fact hangs around 120 kilos to which must be added other several ten kilos of the sedan, for a total of around two quintals.
But in Scano Montiferro the desire to bring forth the ancient traditions is stronger than the convenience of the car!
See further photo documentation
Published : Friday, 18 March 2011 - 10:45
Last update : Wednesday, 4 February 2015 - 18:04
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